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The modern town of Pomorie is located on a narrow rocky peninsula named Pomorie, 3,5 km into the Black Sea on the northwestern coast of Bourgas Bay. Pomorie is the third largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast with its 14,062 people, after Varna and Burgas. From the south, east and northeast the town is surrounded by sea and from the north - by the lake, with only the west-northwest, by a narrow isthmus, too often inundated by the sea, is associated with Black box, which is part of Bourgas Valley. Over the millennia, the configuration of the terrain is changing, which is why the village has changed its location. Now 10 km south is the city of Burgas, 18 km north - Nessebar
. Between these two cities passes the modern history of Pomorie.
The ancient settlement of Anchialo /now Pomorie/ was established as a Greek colony at the end of the fifth century BC. A large part of its inhabitants were Thracians. Today it stands before us as a modern town, keeping in itself now that same history and glory it had many centuries ago.
The town of “white gold”, obtained using the same age-old technology, the town known for its wine and music, the town that has outlived the centuries…
The beach line is 7 km long and it includes 3 differentiated beaches. The average annual sunshine here is the longest and can reach up to 2360 hours a year. As the town is situated on a peninsula, 2 km cut into the sea, Pomorie has cool summers and mild winters. Before the sun rises, the air is saturated with ozone and negative ions, ultraviolet rays and iodine vapours, which has a healing effect on upper respiratory tract infections. The sand is rich in iron oxides and salts and, since it is heated up to 60° C, it is suitable for sunbathing. Water warms up to 20 – 28° C and is perfect for healing procedures for both children and adults. In 1998 the town was awarded the Blue Flag award. It is a European ecology award granted for clean and safe beaches and yacht ports. This is just a fragment of the charming little town.
Flora and fauna
Pomorie is situated on the migratory route Via Pontica and is a bottleneck migration of migratory soaring birds of a significant part of Northern, Eastern and Central Europe. On the area of the lake have been identified 269 species of birds. There still live 87 species of plants, 7 species of fish, 17 species of amphibians, 31 species of mammals and 200 taxa of invertebrates. HistoryAntiquity
The city was founded under the name Anhialo in the V century BC Much of its inhabitants were Thracians. From its inception until the beginning of the last century, it is the most important coastal city in the Bulgarian lands.
Especially zenith reached during the Roman rule. In ancient Anhialo (Pomorie) Christianity penetrates at the end of I century. According to legend St. Apostle Andrew on the way to Kiev runs through the Black Sea city, then a large administrative and port center within the Roman Empire. At the time of the Emperor Diocletian (284-305) from Phrygia the Balkans comes Sebastian world that preaches in Anchialus and surrounding towns. At that time Anchialo already religious center and despite persecution from the III-IV century reports of bishops of the city.
Then the town became bishop center and minted its own coins. Since that time (III-IV c. AD. Chr.) Is Thracian tomb - heroon found in the outskirts of Pomorie today.Middle Ages
In V-VI century the Anhialo church was proclaimed archbishop. Christianity is the official religion of the Eastern Roman Empire - Byzantium. The legend tells that in the VII century, in this place there was a temple or monastery dedicated to St. George the Martyr.
Krum in 812 Anchialo was captured by Bulgarians, and later, after the process of Christianization of Bulgaria, to 894 here was established Bulgarian church organization. A little later (on 20 August 917) Simeon Veliki applied historic defeat of the Byzantine army at the Battle of the River Achelous. Since the end of the XIII century Anhialska Bishop was honored with the rank Bishop. Subsequently Anhialo often crossed by Bulgarians and Byzantines and vice versa. Many important battles between Bulgarians and Byzantines were fought in its outskirts throughout our medieval history.
Little is known (antiant) Bulgarian name of Pomorie – Tuthon.
Pomorie (Anhialo) was set on fire and destroyed by the Goths, Avars, fires and natural disasters - so there are less preserved old buildings, despite centuries of history.Ottoman period and the Renaissance
In the first invasion of the Ottoman Turks in Thrace Anchialo probably was demolished and abandoned ("History of Pomorie"). Temporarily handed over to the Byzantines, the city is again Christian until March 1453 when it was conquered by the Turks finally. Ottoman version of the name of the city is "Ahiolu".
Born in Constantinople Anchialo (universal) Patriarch in 1536 Jeremiah II gives autocephaly of the Russian Church, it gets partriach status. Jeremiah II remains Patriarch of Constantinople until his death in 1595After the Liberation
After liberation Pomorie remained within the Eastern Rumelia to the Unification of Bulgaria in 1885
On 30 July 1906 the Greek part of the city is on fire and completely destroyed for the last time in response to the slaughter in Andartsko Zagoriche, as most of its inhabitants were forced to emigrate to Greece, where settlements based Nea Anchialos, Anchialos and Evksinupolis.
At the outbreak of the Balkan War in 1912, five residents of Anchialo volunteered in the Macedonian-Adrianople volunteers.
In 1934 the ancient name Anhialo was changed to Pomorie.
Pomorie is home to many immigrants from the villages of the Emine Stara Planina - Gorica, Galabets Panitsovo, Giliovtsi, Stracin, Bata, but mostly from Kozichino. They are concentrated in that part of the city, known as "neighborhood" or "New City".Nowadays
Due to lots of properties in Pomorie recently bought by Russians now there is in Pomorie a whole quarter called “Little Russia” inhabited mainly by Russians. It is one of the largest Russian-speaking diaspora on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria. All in all, there are more than 4,000 Russian citizens. In summer this amount increases up to 7,000.
It is interesting that after the pensioners who were buying their Bulgarian housing in the past, more and more young families move here now. And they are well assimilated into Bulgarian society.
Russians are strongly attracted by low language barrier, great food, wonderful climate and the friendliness of the local people. The local economy influx of Russians is also a plus, as they are opening new outlets, shops and salons.
In Burgas they are going to open a Russian school. Nowadays Russians send their children to Bulgarian schools, but the establishment of a specialized Russian schools is discussed by the two countries' ministries of education. According to official data, between 10 and 15 thousand Russians constantly live in the Burgas region, and 100,000 citizens of Russia own real estate in the area.Religions
Christianity appeared here as early as the end of the first century, and the story goes that in the seventh century there already existed a monastery named after St. George the Martyr. That is why, every year, on 6th May, a solemn service is held and respects are paid, followed by a three-day fair which gathers worshipers from all over Thrace. St. George monastery in Pomorie is one of the most revered monasteries in Eastern Bulgaria and 6th May is the Day of Pomorie."St. George "Monastery .
"St. George" is an active male Orthodox monastery. At the end of the XVIII century here settled the Turk Selim Bey, creating a large fief - homestead. According to a legend, he suffered from severe, incurable disease. One night his grandfather farmhand Neno dreamed that Chiflishka yard run spring with miraculous water. Neno did not pay attention to it, but often started him in his sleep handsome man riding a white horse - St. George. Excavate secret place, pious old man found a marble bas-relief of St. George. At the same time there began to flow water. Under the request of his farmhand, Selim Bey called the bishop of the city, which, with prayer, sprinkled it with water from the holy spring. With the life-giving action of the spring Selim Bey was wonderfully healed. Inspired by the miracle he baptized with his family, accepting the Christian faith. Building a small chapel, Selim Bey laid the foundation of today's monastery. After a time, according to legend, he was tonsured and widowed, became the first abbot of the monastery indulging all his property from 3800 acres of land.
In 1856 a new church was built, the old remains to this day under his roof. Together with the new buildings was erected and 17-meter tower - belfry (1964). In the monastery are preserved many valuable examples of the iconographic art of the XVIII and XIX century. The church icon was painted by the Anhialo Themistocles Diamandopulo Zograph.
Convenient transport links connect Pomorie with other towns and resorts. Bourgas airport
is only 8 km away. The proximity of Sunny Beach resort
and the regional center of Bourgas expand the opportunities for entertaining. The Pomorie Bay is preferred for sailing boats and pier - from amateur fishermen.Economic Characteristics
Together with the traditional livelihoods of indigenous peoples - viticulture, wine, salt and fishing, tourism and its accompanying activities define the new economy increasingly attractive spa and sea resort of Pomorie.
Culture and entertainment on the teritorry of Pomorie municipality:
Repeatedly burnt down and built again, Pomorie keeps in its lands the memories of Thracians, Romans and Byzantines, crusaders and Turks. Standing before our eyes are the witnesses of that history: The Thracian Domed Tomb, the ancient city Ulpia Anhealeon Paleocastro (occupying part of Pomorie today), the Architectural Reserve “Old Pomorie Houses” and the exhibits of the Archaeological Museum.
• Pomorie Lake - protected area, salty lagoon with an area of 760.8 ha - Among the most interesting attractions of the town is The Pomorie Lake. The lake is a super-salty lagoon with an area of 760 hectares. Part of the bottom is covered by healing mud. More than 20 procedures for the treatment of various diseases are applied in the health resorts of the town. The greatest value of the lake, though, is in its ornithological diversity. You can relish the sight of low flying pelicans and white stork. The Pomorie Lake is part of the Via Pontica migratory route. More than 250 000 migrating geese, pelicans and other birds fly over it every autumn. The population of birds spending winter here reaches 10 000.
• Visitor center the lake - an interactive exhibition about the natural wealth of the saline lagoon
• Swamp snowdrop - Chairite area, protected area, area of 2.0 ha; situated near Gorica - a protected site with an area of 2 hectares, which has considerable resources of the protected swamp snowdrop (Leucojum aestivum).
• Koriyata area- landmark area of 20 ha, situated near Galabets - the only age-old oak forest remaining to this day.
• Dobrovanski Gabi – unique rock formations on a territory of 5 hectares, resembling mushrooms.
• "Old Pomorie houses" - architectural reserve
• Mud - treatment with mud of the lake
• Church "Transfiguration of Christ", XVIII century
• "St. Nativity of the Virgin ", XIX century
• Roman mausoleum - tomb-heroon
• The house of P.K.Yavorov /Bulgarian poem writer/
• Yavorov rocks (one of the favorite places of Yavorov, which is the creative)
• Professional School of Tourism "Aleko Konstantinov" - PomorieTheatres in Pomorie
In Pomorie act two theatrical compositions: children's theater group "Firefly" community center "Light" and community center and theater "Enlightenment" with 110 years of history.
Museums in Pomorie
• Salt Museum - the only museum of salt in Bulgaria. Created with the financial support of the European Union, the Republic of Bulgaria and Pomorie Municipality. The museum is part of a hundred tourist sites of the Bulgarian Tourist Union.
• Municipal Historical Museum with interesting exhibits from the 2500-year history.
• Historical Museum
• August – Yavorov’s days; Days of wine.
• May 6 - Day of the city. Festival of Masks (A Masked Ball). Children and youth puppet theater festival "Scene by the sea."
Pomorie has a football club named "Pomorie", which competed in the "A" Regional Championship. Here is the most modern stadium in Pomorie Municipality, located near the "Grand Hotel Pomorie". Club peaks Club "Pomorie" (Pomorie) is second in the East "B" Championship and won promotion to the A Championship after two won barrage in June 2011
Furthermore Club "Pomorie" was a finalist in the tournament for the National Cup: this time its official name is the Cup of Bulgaria - 2009/10 and the team name is "Chernomorets-Pomorie".Take a walk along the beautiful beaches, take a sip of wine from Pomorie wine-cellars, try a piece of bread with salt from Pomorie salt-mines, quench your thirst with water from Pomorie mineral springs and enjoy the authentic Bulgarian folklore
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